2015 Volume 55 Issue 8 Pages 1684-1692
Flow structures were investigated in a dissipative ladle shroud (DLS) and a tundish using Large Eddy Simulation. The numerical results were validated inside the DLS and the tundish with PIV experiments. Velocity distribution, vorticity islands and strain rate were analyzed in the DLS respectively, compared with that of a bell-shaped ladle shroud (BLS). The results showed that the three chambers of the DLS gave rise to velocity differences, fluctuating strain rates and vortices, and promoted an increase on turbulence dissipation rate; and the average velocity of outflow ranged from 0.25 to 0.5 m/s when the inlet velocity was 0.708 m/s. In the BLS, the stream flowed straightforward with relatively consistent velocity; apparent vortices were only formed in the bell end; and the outflow went down with high speed and turbulent kinetic energy. The dissipative effect of the DLS was also validated by the flow structure in the tundish. When the stream left the outlet of the DLS, it swung, got twisted and was mixed with more surrounding fluid in the tundish which decreased the mean skin friction coefficient of tundish wall and the velocity of free surface, and finally contributed to a better tundish performance.