2016 Volume 56 Issue 12 Pages 2313-2319
Micro-tensile testing and numerical analysis using a crystal plasticity finite element method (CPFEM) were employed to elucidate the deformation behaviour of bainite/martensite structures of a low-alloy steel. The bainite single-phase specimens exhibited habit-plane-orientation-dependent yielding, similar to the martensite single-phase specimens. In the bainite/martensite dual-phase specimen, deformation concentrated in the bainite region oriented favourably for in-habit-plane slip, leading to low-ductility fracture. With consideration of the habit-plane-orientation-dependent yielding, the present CPFEM analysis successfully reproduced the anisotropic plastic deformation behaviour of the single-phase steels observed in the experiments. The numerical results for the bainite/martensite specimen showed slip localization in the bainite region and stress concentration near the interphase boundary. This suggests that the interphase boundary can be a site for the fracture origin.