2016 Volume 56 Issue 4 Pages 637-646
In order to study the heat phenomenon of laser brazing galvanized steel, the experiments of laser brazing were carried out, in which the base metal is galvanized steel sheets and CuSi3 is used as filler metal. The numerical simulation of temperature field was carried on by the finite element method, and the simulation result was validated through comparative experiment. The composite heat source model of gauss double ellipsoid was used. Temperature field of different process parameters have been calculated. The results show that: The peak temperature and temperature gradient on the joint are lower when the laser power is 1600 W, the brazing speed is 0.96 m/min. Response surface methodology was applied to the simulation data, and mathematical models was built based on Box-Behnken Design using linear and quadratic polynomial equations. The results indicate that the proposed models predict the responses adequately within the limits of brazing parameters being used. The optimum brazing parameters were found, and it is more favorable to form the brazed joint of good quality at the laser power of 1600 W, brazing speed of 0.96 m/min, filler wire speed of 1.19 m/min, defocusing distance of 30 mm.