2016 Volume 56 Issue 8 Pages 1325-1332
Wetting between liquid iron and coke influences liquid flow in the lower part of a blast furnace, which strongly affects the operation of the furnace. With increasing fluidity, the blast furnace performs more favourably and efficiently. To further improve blast furnace operation, the wetting behaviour of liquid iron on coke must be correctly understood. The effects of ash in the coke on reactive wetting in concave formations, such as holes formed at the contact area, must be considered. This study aims to elucidate the effects of the ash component in coke on the reactive wetting behaviour of carbon-unsaturated liquid iron on a simulant coke substrate and concave formations thereof. In this study, reactive wetting between the iron samples and the substrates was measured by a sessile drop method with a molten injection system at 1673 K. The results revealed that the apparent contact angle significantly decreased with time in the first 300 s after contact. After 300 s, the contact angle stabilized at a constant equilibrium value. The initial contact angles depended not only on the carbon concentration of the liquid iron, but also on the Al2O3 content in the substrates. Concave geometries formed when the carbon-unsaturated iron samples were wetted on substrates containing 0, 5, and 10 vol% Al2O3. The effect of Al2O3 on the carbon dissolution reaction was the main factor affecting the reactive wetting behaviour of substrates against liquid iron.