2017 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 91-99
The transient three-dimensional (3D) full-coupled multi-physical fields in the Electroslag-Remelting (ESR) process with the vibrating and traditional electrodes have been compared in this paper. A mathematical model for simultaneously predicting the electromagnetic phenomenon, heat transfer, two phase flow and solidification has been established in the ESR furnace. Especially, the Joule heating and electromagnetic force are calculated by self-developed program based on the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model. The effects of the vibrating modes, such as horizontal and vertical vibration, on the heat transfer and MHD two-phase flow as well as solidification are clarified. The results indicate that the melting rating can be increased in the ESR process with vibrating electrode. The small-scale factory experiments are conducted and a reasonable agreement between the experimental observations and numerical results is obtained. The variation of temperature distribution dominated by the dropping behavior of the metal droplets is ordered and periodic. Particularly, the distinct variation of temperature distribution occurs beneath the bottom tip of the electrode. The horizontal vibrating ESR process can generate smaller metal droplets, which provide less energy (heat plus momentum) into the metal pool, constitute a shallower pool and a lower average temperature gradient. Moreover, with the increasing amplitude or frequency, the average temperature gradients for both cases decrease.