2018 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 194-200
As an environmentally hazardous waste, electric arc furnace (EAF) dust had a potential to provide a wider resource of potassium if recycled due to high potassium content. In this study, the chemical and mineralogical characteristics of the EAF dust, especially the existing state of potassium, were analyzed. The results showed that the dust consisted dominantly of manganese oxides (Mn3O4, MnO, MnO2) and manganese silicate (MnSiO3). The K element existed in the dust was in the form of potassium permanganate (K2Mn4O8, insoluble) and potassium sulfate/sulfite (soluble). Then the soluble potassium salts in the dust were recovered by water leaching and crystallization. The recovery ratio of K reached 88.2%, and the products K2SO4 and KCl with the K2O content of 65.25% were obtained. During leaching, the Mn3+ and Mn4+ components were reduced to Mn2+ by sulfide (S2−) or sulfite (SO32−), and the S2− and SO32− components were oxidized to SO42−. The leaching kinetics was studied by the specific electrical conductivity method. The apparent activation energy was 7.76±0.65 kJ/mol, suggesting that the rate controlling step of leaching process was the diffusion of K+ through the diffusion layer.