ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Transformations and Microstructures
Three-dimensional EBSD Analysis and TEM Observation for Interface Microstructure during Reverse Phase Transformation in Low Carbon Steels
Kengo HataKazuki FujiwaraKaori KawanoMasaaki SugiyamaTakashi FukudaTomoyuki Kakeshita
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2018 Volume 58 Issue 4 Pages 742-750


For the development of advanced steels, reverse phase transformation from ferrite is essentially important to control the austenite phase in the heating process. Formation of austenite during the initial stage of reverse transformation from the recrystallized ferrite in low carbon steel has been studied from the view-point of the orientation relationships and the interphase boundary structure. At high temperature, the in situ electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD) measurement of austenite grain growth during the reverse transformation indicates that the different migration behaviors according to different α/γ interfaces, deriving from the interfacial coherency with the specific orientation relationships. The orientation and microstructure of the interface between ferrite and austenite have been investigated using the 3D crystal orientation analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations. When the crystal orientation relationship between ferrite and austenite grain are close to the Kurdjumov–Sachs relationship, the grain boundary normal itself is also close to the {111}γ and {011}α, respectively. The microstructure of these interfacial planes is revealed to be flat using 3D-EBSD and TEM analysis. These coherent planes are strongly connected to the formation of the austenite phase on heating and also affect the slow migration of the grain-growth process.

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© 2018 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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