ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Oxidation of Ti Added ULC Steel by CO Gas Simulating Interfacial Reaction between the Steel and SEN during Continuous Casting
Joo-Hyeok LeeMyeong-Hun KangSung-Kwang KimYoun-Bae Kang
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2018 年 58 巻 7 号 p. 1257-1266


In order to elucidate possible mechanism causing nozzle clogging during continuous casting of Ti added Ultra Low C (Ti-ULC) steel, thermodynamic analysis and experimental validation were carried out with an emphasis on the chemical reaction between the liquid steel and nozzle refractory. It was pointed out that the reaction occurs between CO gas from the nozzle refractory and the liquid steel, at the interface between them. A series of thermodynamic calculations were carried out in order to predict related phase equilibria. It was found that Ti in the steel induces the formation of a liquid oxide composed of FetO–Al2O3–TiOx along with solid alumina. This was different to a case of Ti-free ULC where only solid alumina was stable. In order to verify the thermodynamic predictions, a series of experiments were conducted. A number of Fe–Al–Ti alloys were reacted with CO gas at 1560°C in order to simulate the interfacial reaction. Surface and cross section of the alloy samples were analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive Spectrometry (EDS). The experimental results were in good agreement with the thermodynamic predictions. This finding provides an idea why nozzle clogging is deteriorated by addition of Ti in ULC steel. It is proposed that Ti is oxidized together with Fe and Al by CO gas from a nozzle, and forms a liquid oxide composed of FetO–Al2O3–TiOx, which shows good wettability both to liquid steel and to refractory. This would be a precursor of clog material inside the nozzle.

Oxidized Fe-0.0125 mass pct. Al-0.05 mass pct. Ti alloy by CO gas at 1560 °C, showing solid alumina and liquid oxide composed of FetO-Al2O3-TiOx. Fullsize Image
© 2018 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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