2020 Volume 60 Issue 6 Pages 1172-1178
In this work, the multiphase mathematical simulation (steel-argon-slag-air) was used to improve the mixing time in a secondary refining ladle, which is validated with a physical scale model using dye tracer dispertion and measurement of mixing time. An experimental 3k-p design was performed to optimize the number of cases and analyze the effect of injection gas flow arrangement. A mathematical methodology was described to determine the mixing time in a ladle with a multi-sensor system. By means of an analysis of variance, it was found that the angle of separation between plugs is the most relevant variable to reduce mixing time. It was determined that, by using a good asymmetric configuration in both gas flow and location of the porous plugs, it is possible to reduce the mixing time in a secondary steel refining ladle.