ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Special Issue on "Recent Progress in Inclusion/ Precipitate Engineering"
Formation and Evolution of Inclusions in High Chromium Steel
Yoshihiko Higuchi Hideki OnoKatsuyoshi Okumoto
Author information

2021 Volume 61 Issue 9 Pages 2324-2330


Controlling inclusion content in high chromium steel is very important to prevent submerged entry nozzle from clogging in continuous casting and avoid the negative impacts of inclusions on steel properties. Therefore, effects of temperature and content of elements on phase stability diagram should be clarified in chromium bearing steel. However, the effect of chromium content on boundaries of MgO, MgO∙Al2O3 and Al2O3 in phase stability diagram are much different among the researchers. The direction of boundaries shift is affected by chromium content differently. Temperature dependencies of deoxidation equilibrium constants below 1873 K are also scattered. Calcium, which is used to avoid the negative effect of MgO∙Al2O3 inclusion, enlarges liquid region in phase stability diagram. However, the region replaced by liquid oxide is understood differently in low alloyed steel and high chromium steel. In TiOX–Al2O3–MgO system inclusion, commercial thermochemical software predicts that boundaries of Ti2O3, Ti3O5, Al2O3 and TiOx–Al2O3 shift toward lower titanium content in high chromium steel. However, the calculated phase stability diagrams vary among studies even in liquid iron or low alloyed steel. Therefore, equilibrium experiments under various conditions and reliable technique of thermodynamic calculation with high accuracy are desired.

Content from these authors
© 2021 The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license.
Previous article Next article