2022 Volume 62 Issue 8 Pages 1666-1673
Solidification simulations are effective in designing a casting process to improve the quality of steel slabs and ingots. In this study, a new method was developed to efficiently estimate multiple heat transfer coefficients to improve the accuracy of three-dimensional (3-D) solidification simulation for a casting process. The heat transfer coefficients for the two heat transfer directions—side and bottom—of a prismatic mold were independently estimated by data assimilation using one-dimensional solidification simulations near the boundaries. The optimum values of the heat transfer coefficients at the side and bottom boundaries were elucidated by comparing the 3-D solidification simulation and experimental cooling curves. The maximum and average errors between the cooling curves of the 3-D solidification simulation with the optimum values and those of the experiment were less than 1.8% and 0.2%, respectively.