Article ID: ISIJINT-2019-244
The actual state and packing condition of deadman in blast furnace (BF) hearth have always been a matter of great concern. For it directly affects thermal state of BF hearth and relates to the smooth operation and longevity of BF. In this study, a commercial BF was dissected and then core drilling and image processing methods were used to obtain typical samples and characteristics of deadman. The results show that the deadman, with a radius of 80.09% of hearth radius, floated in hearth and surrounded by molten iron. The sample in horizontal direction has an average coke size of 28.04 mm and a void fraction of 0.52 while the vertical sample has an average coke size of 30.55 mm and a void fraction of 0.50. It should be noted that the average diameter of coke is the reference value which will be different depending on different assumptions. The coke size of vertical sample shows decreasing trendfrom topside to middle part and then keeps slight fluctuations.. And the void fraction in the middle of the vertical sample is the largest and gradually decreases toward both the upper and lower ends. Changes in these features of deadman are caused by the renewal of deadman and the flow of molten iron.