Article ID: ISIJINT-2022-160
Zn–Ni alloys were electrodeposited on a Cu electrode at 10–5000 A·m-2, 5 × 104 C·m-2, 293 K, 313 K, and 333 K in unagitated zincate solutions containing the reaction product of epichlorohydrin and imidazole (IME) as a brightener. The synergistic effect of IEM and solution temperature on the deposition behavior of Zn–Ni alloys was investigated. The transition current density at which the deposition behavior shifted from normal to anomalous one decreased with IME at 293 K, but did not change regardless of IME addition at 313 K and 333 K. The suppression effect of IME on the Zn and Ni depositions during alloy deposition was observed at 293 K while at 313 K and 333 K, the suppression effect decreased on the Zn deposition but was maintained on the Ni deposition. Therefore, Ni content in deposits significantly decreased with IME as the temperature increased. The current efficiency of Zn deposition significantly decreased with IME at 293 K, with a small degree of decrease at 313 K and 333 K. The C content in deposits was the highest at 293 K and decreased with increasing solution temperature, indicating that the adsorption ability of IME on the cathode decreases with the increasing temperature. As a result, the suppression effect of IME on the Zn deposition decreases with the increasing temperature. The gloss of deposited films was the highest at 293 K, attributed to the IME adsorption ability being large at 293 K and deposited films with fine crystals becoming smooth.