1991 Volume 31 Issue 11 Pages 1336-1344
The activities of tin and antimony in liquid Fe-S alloy saturated with carbon were determined at 1673 to 1873 K by the distribution method using liquid silver. The concentration range of tin and antimony measured in the iron melt was less than 2 mass% and that of sulfur was up to FeS saturation (about 1.9 mass% at 1 673 K).
The activity coefficients of tin and antimony, γSnFe−Csat. and γSbFe−Csat., and the solubility of carbon, [C]sat. in iron melt measured could be empirically expressed as the function of tin, antimony and sulfur contents in liquid iron saturated with carbon and temperature as follows:
log γSnFe−Csat.=485/T+0.777-28.33 XSn-4.20 XS,
log γSbFe−Csat.=-1000/T+0.314-18.34 XSb-2.17 XS.
(1 673-1 873 K, Sn≤1.5 mass%, Sb≤1.9 mass%, S<1.9 mass% (FeSsat.))
The activity coefficients of SnS and SbS1.5 in FeS-Na2S flux were estimated to explain the distribution behavior of tin and antimony between the flux and liquid Fe-Csat. by combining the results of the present work with the distribution ratios of tin and antimony between FeS-Na2S flux and Fe-Csat. melt determined in our previous work.
Equilibrium partial pressure of SnS in Fe-C-S-Sn melt was also estimated by using the activities of tin and sulfur and free energy of formation of SnS, and the possibility of tin removal from iron melt as SnS gas was quantitatively evaluated.