ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
A Probabilistic Assessment for the Stress Corrosion Cracking Lifetime of Sensitized 304 Stainless Steel in Sodium Chloride Solutions
Gen NakayamaMasatsune AkashiAkira Ohtomo
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1991 Volume 31 Issue 2 Pages 223-228

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Abstract

Since stress corrosion crack initiation/propagation process is essentially a stochastic one, a series of uniaxial constant load tests have been conducted on sensitized 304 stainless steel specimens in neutral chloride solutions to examine the effects of stress, temperature, crevice and chloride ion concentration on probability distribution of intergranular stress corrosion cracking lifetime. By examining the effects of various acceleration factors, the lifetime distribution can be satisfactorily presented by the exponential probability distribution model as that of sensitized stainless steels in high-temperature and high-purity water environment systems. The tendency of both the location parameter, i.e., lower limit of lifetime distribution, and the scale parameter, i.e., standard deviation of lifetime distribution, to increase with decreasing stress, temperature and chloride ion concentration, also the ratio of those two parameters is constant.

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