1994 Volume 34 Issue 2 Pages 217-223
The sulfide stress cracking (SSC) behavior of welded linepipes has been studied using some SSC tests, such as tensile SSC test (NACE-TM 0177-90 Method A), full thickness SSC tests, four points bending SSC tests and full scale SSC tests. Detailed metallographic examinations have been performed in order to understand the influences of steel chemistries and heat inputs in welding on the SSC resistance of the heat affected zone. The effects of the geometry of the SSC specimen and hydrogen concentration on the SSC have also been investigated. The results have indicated that homogenized bainitic ferrite microstructure, which can be attained by reducing carbon content and by applying accelerated cooling after controlled rolling in plate rolling process, improves the resistance of steel plates to the SSC. Meanwhile, most specimens from submerged arc welding welded joints fail at the heat affected zone, regardless of differences in the microstructures of base materials, and they tend to show nearly the same level of the ratio of threshold stress to yield strength in the tensile SSC test. Specimen geometry and the quantity of hydrogen concentration in steel affect on the threshold stress, and hence reducing the hydrogen concentration improves the SSC resistance of the welded joints especially in lower hardness heat affected zone. Relations between the results of the laboratory tests and full scale tests are also discussed.