1996 Volume 36 Issue 7 Pages 873-877
Mechanical properties of solution annealed austenitic 19Cr-8Ni-(0.26-0.5N), 22Cr-12Mn-1.0N and 19Cr-15Mn-0.8N steels were investigated by means of tensile and Charpy-V impact toughness tests between room temperature and 77 K. Solution annealing temperature was selected in order to prevent Cr2N formation. Fracture surfaces were investigated using SEM (scanning electron microscope). Austenite stability against α'-martensite formation during cooling or deformation in tensile and Charpy-V tests was determined using magnetic measurements. Austenitic high-nitrogen Cr-Ni and Cr-Mn steels exhibited excellent strength, ductility and toughness at room temperature. At 77 K, yield strength was increased, but ductility and toughness were decreased markedly, and ductile-to-brittle behaviour associated with brittle transgranular and intergranular fracture was observed. Results are compared with AISI 304N steel (0.16 wt%N) which retained excellent ductility and impact toughness at 77 K.