2000 Volume 40 Issue 5 Pages 511-518
Tensile creep rupture tests using smooth specimens and circumferential U-notched specimens having 4 kinds of notch root radius, and torsional creep rupture tests using smooth and circumferential 60° V-notched specimens of SUS310S austenitic steel with high ductility and high metallographical stability, were conducted at 700°C. In tensile creep rupture tests, it was found that as turning into lower stress level the creep fracture mode of smooth specimens changed from ductile transgranular fracture to brittle intergranular fracture. And irrespective of applied stress and notch geometry, the creep fracture mode of all notched specimens showed brittle intergranular fracture mixed with ductile transgranular fracture. While in torsional creep rupture tests, all smooth and notched specimens in the present test range exhibited a ductile fracture of shear type. These creep fracture modes were discussed on the basis of stress states and steady-state creep stress distributions in notch cross sections calculated by finite element method. The results suggested that mean stress promotes the intergranular creep fracture strongly, and that the equivalent stress promotes the nucleation of intergranular cavities but contributes less to their growth.