2000 Volume 40 Issue 7 Pages 670-676
A computer program has been developed for analyzing the three-dimensional, steady conservation equations for transport phenomena in a slab continuous casting process with Electromagnetic Brake (EMBr) to investigate the effect of EMBr on the turbulent melt-flow, temperature fields, and macroscopic solidification of the molten metal. The enthalpy-porosity relation was employed to suppress the velocity within a mushy region. A revised low-Reynolds number k–ε turbulence model was used to consider the turbulent effects. The electromagnetic field was described by Maxwell equations. The application of EMBr to the mold region results in the decrease of the transfer of superheat to the narrow face, the increase of temperature in freesurface region and most part of the melt of submold region, and the higher temperature gradients near the solidifying shell. The increasing magnetic flux density has effect mainly on the surface temperature of the solidifying shell at the narrow face, hardly on that at the wide face. It is seen that in the presence of EMBr, a thicker solidifying shell is obtained at the narrow face of slab.