2002 Volume 42 Issue 12 Pages 1334-1343
The purpose of this paper is to give a short survey of nitrogen influence on stainless steel welds. The review are covers: the levels of nitrogen in weld metal, the influence of nitrogen on stainless steel weld metal characteristics such as weld defects, corrosion resistance and mechanical properties. High nitrogen steel welding must consider the risk of nitrogen escape from the weld pool. Avoiding nitrogen losses may be accomplished by controlling shielding gas, welding parameters and compositions of filler metal. The increase of nitrogen in the weld metal decreases in the δ ferrite content. The reduction of δ ferrite in austenitic weld metals will result in an increase in the solidification cracking susceptibility. However, the role of nitrogen in affecting the solidification cracking susceptibility of fully austenitic weld metals is unclear. Nitrogen addition increases the pitting corrosion resistance in weld metals whereas decreases resistance to stress corrosion cracking because of δ ferrite reduction. Nitrogen also improves mechanical properties in weld metals. However, the presence of nitrides may be detrimental to the mechanical properties in stainless steel welds.