2002 Volume 42 Issue 12 Pages 1423-1429
In order to elucidate the microstructure evolution in advanced high Cr heat resisting ferritic steels, a time-composition-temperature diagram of Fe-10mass%Cr-W-C quaternary steels is calculated on the basis of the system free energy theory proposed by Koyama and Miyazaki. Microstructures of the steels are predictable using such a system free energy consisting of chemical free energy, interface energy and strain energy between the matrix and precipitates in the steels. In this study, our attention is focused on the Laves phase as the precipitate, because this phase is formed in recently developed heat resisting ferritic steels and affects their creep strength largely. The calculations conducted in the Fe-Cr-W-C quaternary steels lead to the following findings: (i) The Laves phase is not formed in those steels containing less than 0.4 mol% W (about 1.4 mass% W) even after a long term aging at 923K; (ii) Only granular Laves phase precipitates in the steel containing 0.4 mol% W to 1.05 mol% W (about 3.5 mass% W) even in the early stage of aging at 923 K; (iii) The morphological change of the Laves phase from the fine coherent precipitate to the granular one occurs in a regular aging sequence in the steel if it contains more than 1.05 mol%W; (iv) Coherent precipitation line for the Laves phase is determined in the quasi-binary phase diagram as a function of the W content. These findings obtained theoretically are consistent with experimental results.