2002 Volume 42 Issue Suppl Pages S38-S46
The effect of trace boron in steels, especially the influence of boron on microstructure and properties of low carbon bainitic steels were summarized. It was pointed out that the hardenability of boron steels is determined by non-equilibrium boron segregation on grain boundaries. The synergistic effect of boron with other elements can enhance the boron effect. The abnormal boron segregation on the moving new grain boundaries is the basic reason of the boron retarding the recrystallization of deformed austenite, the addition of copper and niobium will increase this effect. The addition of boron accelerates the strain induced niobium carbonitride precipitation, and trace boron can refine the microstructure and improve the mechanical properties of HAZ. The mechanisms of boron effect were also expounded preliminarily in this paper.