2003 Volume 43 Issue 11 Pages 1851-1857
Hydrogen-charged miniaturized Charpy-type specimens were subjected to three-point bending tests to investigate an influence of phosphorus and boron on the hydrogen embrittlement (HE) susceptibility of high strength low alloy (HSLA) steels for bolts. The tests were carried out under wide variety of deformation rate to examine an effect of deformation rate on the susceptibility also. The experimental results revealed that the HE susceptibility increased with decreasing deformation rate. This dependence of susceptibility on deformation rate seemed to be associated with velocity relations between the deformation rate and the diffusion rate of hydrogen. The susceptibility was more pronounced by the addition of phosphorus, even though the phosphorus segregation was not sufficient by itself to cause temper embrittlement. On the other hand, boron had almost no influence by itself on the susceptibility. A cyclic voltammetry and thermal desorption spectroscopic analysis were conducted for understanding the change in HE susceptibility with phosphorus and/or boron from the point of view of hydrogen adsorption/absorption characteristics, respectively. However, it was hardly observed that those elements influenced the hydrogen content and the trapping site of hydrogen in the steel under the present hydrogen charging condition. Consequently, it was considered that the increase in HE susceptibility with phosphorus mainly resulted from the reduction in grain boundary strength due to phosphorous, rather than the variation in hydrogen adsorption/absorption characteristics.