ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Expressions for Solubility Products of Fe3Nb3C carbide and Fe2Nb Laves Phase in Niobium Alloyed Ferritic Stainless Steels
Nobuhiro FujitaMasao KikuchiKeiichi Ohmura
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2003 Volume 43 Issue 12 Pages 1999-2006


Precipitation behaviors in niobium alloyed ferritic stainless steels, which are widely used as heat resistant materials in automotive exhausts, were investigated. The solubility products of Fe3Nb3C and Fe2Nb, both of which are prominent precipitates in such steels, were experimentally obtained. The expressions of the solubility products with mass% are given by:

Fe3Nb3C; log10{[Nb]3[C]} = −11613/T+5.2178
Fe2Nb; log10[Nb] = −3780.3/T+2.4646

These were verified with some published experimental data. An attempt was also made to get thermodynamic parameters using the solubility products. The free energy changes for the precipitation reactions from niobium-supersaturated ferrite have been obtained. The expressions with mole fractions in ferrite matrix, e.g. xNbαβ, are given by:

Fe3Nb3C (β); ΔGβ = −222509−RT{6.423+ln(xNbαβ)3(xcαβ)}
Fe2Nb (ω); ΔGω = −72334−RT{0.5469+ln xNbαω}

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© The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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