2003 Volume 43 Issue 12 Pages 2038-2045
The 9Cr-ODS martensitic steel claddings were developed by cold-rolling and subsequent heat-treatment. The standard chemical composition is Fe-0.13C-9Cr-2W-0.2Ti-0.35Y2O3. The substantially elongated grains formed by cold-rolling turned out to be into equi-axied grains by ferrite to austenite phase transformation at the final heat-treatment. The produced claddings have the tempered martensitic structure and excess oxygen of 0.060 mass%. The superior tensile and creep rupture strength were shown in the produced cladding, compared with conventional ferritic (PNC-FMS) and even austenitic (PNC316) claddings at higher temperature and extended time. The strength improvement is attributed to finely distributed nano-scale complex oxide. The coarser ferrite grains produced by slow cooling make further improvement in the tensile and creep rupture strength beyond those of tempered martensite at high temperature and longer testing time. The higher excess oxygen content of 0.137 mass% prevents fine distribution of the oxide particles that lead to inferior high temperature tensile and creep strength.