2003 Volume 43 Issue 5 Pages 692-700
In rolling, the strain rate in a rolling pass is not constant but depends on pass reduction rp, decreasing or increasing along the arc of contact. In the present work, high temperature compression tests were performed with the rate varying according to strain rate profiles pertaining to various flat rolling pass reductions. Due to the high rate sensitivity of the stress at elevated temperatures, the stress follows such variations in strain rate. This can lead to peaks in the flow curves without regard to dynamic recrystallization (DRX). Nevertheless, critical strains for the onset of DRX can still be defined if the stresses and strains in variable strain rate deformation are normalized by the peak stresses and strains that would be observed if the deformation were being performed at a series of constant strain rates equal to that of successive points along the roll bite. Using plain carbon and Nb-bearing steels, it is demonstrated that the DRX critical strains are lower when rp<30% and higher when rp>30% than in constant ε deformation at the same initial strain rate. The present method permits the more accurate extrapolation of laboratory test results to industrial conditions and enables rolling loads to be analyzed with greater precision.