The Journal of The Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers
Online ISSN : 1881-6908
Print ISSN : 1342-6907
ISSN-L : 1342-6907
An Image Quality Guaranteed Watermarking Scheme by Spreading the Spectrum of Watermarks
Masaaki FujiyoshiTakashi TachibanaHitoshi Kiya
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2005 Volume 59 Issue 3 Pages 430-434


A watermarking scheme that varies the coefficient is described. A watermark element is embedded in the scheme, according to blocks. This scheme generates watermarked images with a desired objective image quality in terms of the peak signal-to-noise ratio, and it extracts an embedded watermark without any reference images. The proposed scheme can change the.subjective image quality of a watermarked image independent of the objective image quality by selecting the coefficient for embedding according to the blocks. However, malicious detection of the embedding coefficients becomes difficult.

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