2010 Volume 9 Issue 2 Pages 355-362
Urban design principles in many Chinese cities are similar to each other without considering regional climate variation. Especially in winter cities, without climate responsive urban design principles, most public open spaces are turned into useless places in winter, which is not only because of the low temperature, but is also due to strong wind influenced by the design of surrounding buildings. Therefore, by using wind tunnel simulation, this paper presents one scientific approach to developing original urban design guidelines for cities in cold regions. Taking typical blocks in downtown Shenyang, China as a case study, a series of high-rise buildings with various concepts of podium design are tested in a wind tunnel. According to the results of experiments, the authors concluded several urban design principles concerning regional climate for open space design and streetscape design in downtown Shenyang.