2010 年 17 巻 p. 59-75
The "kanji" (Chinese character) meaning "fake" was chosen as the "The Kanji of the Year" in 2007. This announcement prompted the writers to examine scandals concerning "fakes" that have recently been recurring in business, politics and, seemingly, every social scene. In this paper, first, our study explores the substance of "fake" in relation to human nature by taking up several cases of faking which are found usually in our everyday life, regardless of moral value. Then, based on our findings, we explain the spiritual, cultural, social and economic causes and backgrounds which are commonly seen in many "fake" scandals, particularly including those that are closely associated with the financial crisis. After introducing the regulatory, administrative and institutional reforms that are necessary as remedies, we conclude the paper by pointing out that the proposed remedies are not a panacea. A failure of leadership is seen as the next possible "suspect" responsible for the recent global economic crisis.