Annals of the Association of Economic Geographers
Online ISSN : 2424-1636
Print ISSN : 0004-5683
ISSN-L : 0004-5683
Special Issue Articles
Development of New Security Measures for the Tokyo Olympic & Paralympic Games and the Transformation of Public Space
Kazuaki SUGIYAMA
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2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 112-135

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Abstract

    Since the hosting the 2020 Tokyo Olympic and the Paralympic Games was decided, new measures on “safety and security” are being developed in Japan. This paper examines these security measures using public documents, newspaper and magazine articles and other published materials. It then clarifies their significant features and points out problems in the progress of these practices.
    At the national level, the Ministerial Meeting Conceming Measures Against Crime in 2013 established the “world's safest Japanese creation strategy”. At the prefecture level, the Tokyo metropolitan government set a “safe and secure TOKYO strategy” and responsive measures are currently under way. Among these, the policy recommends that citizens voluntarily participate in crime prevention activities. On the other hand, efforts to design a crime prevention environment such as the installation and utilization of massive surveillance cameras are proceeding. In addition, major railway companies are planning to install surveillance cameras in their train cars. It is expected that train cars with surveillance cameras will be introduced in most major lines in the Tokyo metropolitan area by 2020.
    Many citizens seem to think that such multiple measures regarding “safety” are effective to maintain security. Therefore, as the 2020 Tokyo Games approach, these measures will become more common. However, in some aspects, such measures can lead to a maximization of monitoring by authorities. This paper argues that they pose a risk of restricting civil liberties and depriving citizens of “security”.

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© 2020 The Japan Association of Economic Geographers
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