1996 年 11 巻 p. 61-70,147
Mr. Yukio AOSHIMA in Tokyo and Mr. Nokku YOKOYAMA in Osaka unaffiliated with any established political party, were elected as governor. They defeated the candidates jointly fieided by established political parties. The majority of voters, particularly in Tokyo and in Osaka, voted “no” to the continuation of party-oriented local administration vertically linked to national politics. They said the increased Independents voted them and made them the governor.
The purpose of this paper is first to make clear about the voting behavior of Independents, using our survey data. And second is how AOSHIMA was elected.
The successful candidate have been achieved mainly by increased Independents, voters disengagement from party identification. They were supported for established political parties before the summer of two years ago, but in two years, they reject any political parties. Despite of the changing alliances among groups, major political parties differ little from what they were before two years.
And more important thing is the low voting percentage, about 50%. We must consider about this.