1997 年 12 巻 p. 110-121,289
Japan has recently adopted a new system for the general election of the Lower House, combining 300 single-member constituencies and 200 proportional representation seats. The new system has been expected to bring about desirable policy-centered elections.
No matter what systems are put into practice, however, the expected results will not be brought about unless those who make use of the reformed electoral system have no or little ability of making full use of the system. What dose matter is the voters' policy-centered choice.
In prewar Japan, many elections were conducted under the single-member constituency system. Among them was a remarkable election held in 1924. The general election was held just after the then leading political party “Seiyûkai” was disrupted and it caused the voters remarkable traits. That is why this paper is to explore the voter's attitudes toward the political reorganization and under the single-member constituency system in 1924.
Interestingly enough, the analysis of the voters' attitudes tells that they followed their old convention, although the party they had supported was broken up and they faced the new situations. In other words, they did not vote as individuals, but just as groups.