1997 年 12 巻 p. 88-97,291
The aim of this study is to examine the characteristics of political attitudes, voting intention and voting behavior by using two classification systems, and then also to compare those classification systems. The two classification systems used were 1) classified samples focusing on Independents, and 2) classified samples focusing on party identifiers. The research was conducted during the end of October 1995 with 515 samples, using questionnaires.
We analyzed responses to 30 items on political attitudes by factor analysis, and extracted 8 factors: ego involvement in politics, political estrangement, political distrust, political efficacy, attitudes towards the cabinet, an optimistic perspective of politics, national vs. international and conservative vs. progressive, respectively. Similar factors were found in other research carried out before 1993.
We analyzed responses to the 8 political attitude factors by ANOVA among 3 different groups (strong independents, not so strong independents, party identifiers), which were classified by two classification systems. Also we analyzed responses to voting intention and voting behavior among 3 groups by a log-linear model. There were significant differences among 3 groups, particularly between strong and not so strong independents in political attitudes and voting intention. In addition, there were significant differences between the party identifiers and the two independent groups in political behavior.
Closer examination of measuring party identification and a further comparison of the two classification systems used in this study might be beneficial.