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Vol. 41 (1999) No. 9 P 912-923



U.S. President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) recommended in its recent report to the President that U.S. Department of Energy should establish the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI) to provide the funding for investigator-initiated ideas to address the issues confronting nuclear energy. This paper summarizes the current status of the U.S. nuclear energy based on the PCAST report and other reports published in the last two years in the United States, and discusses consequences and meanings of NERI to Japan's research and development for nuclear energy. Utilizing the currently available resources in a more competitive, objective, and cooperative manner, Japan could have a NERI-like program, which could make substantial cantribution to, and impact on, improvement of globai energy and environment issues.

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