Journal of Applied Glycoscience
Online ISSN : 1880-7291
Print ISSN : 1344-7882
ISSN-L : 1344-7882
Characterization of a GH36 α-D-Galactosidase Associated with Assimilation of Gum Arabic in Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum JCM7052
Yuki SasakiYumi UchimuraKanefumi KitaharaKiyotaka Fujita
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2021 Volume 68 Issue 2 Pages 47-52


We recently characterized a 3-O-α-D-galactosyl-α-L-arabinofuranosidase (GAfase) for the release of α-D-Gal-(1→3)-L-Ara from gum arabic arabinogalactan protein (AGP) in Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum JCM7052. In the present study, we cloned and characterized a neighboring α-galactosidase gene (BLGA_00330; blAga3). It contained an Open Reading Frame of 2151-bp nucleotides encoding 716 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 79,587 Da. Recombinant BlAga3 released galactose from α-D-Gal-(1→3)-L-Ara, but not from intact gum arabic AGP, and a little from the related oligosaccharides. The enzyme also showed the activity toward blood group B liner trisaccharide. The specific activity for α-D-Gal-(1→3)-L-Ara was 4.27- and 2.10-fold higher than those for melibiose and raffinose, respectively. The optimal pH and temperature were 6.0 and 50 °C, respectively. BlAga3 is an intracellular α-galactosidase that cleaves α-D-Gal-(1→3)-L-Ara produced by GAfase; it is also responsible for a series of gum arabic AGP degradation in B. longum JCM7052.

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