Journal of Applied Glycoscience
Online ISSN : 1880-7291
Print ISSN : 1344-7882
ISSN-L : 1344-7882
Reaction Mechanism and Crystal Structure of 4-α-Glucanotransferase from a Hyperthermophilic Archaeon, Thermococcus litoralis
Hiromi ImamuraShinya FushinobuMasaki YamamotoTakashi KumasakaTakayoshi WakagiHiroshi Matsuzawa
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2001 Volume 48 Issue 2 Pages 171-175


Thermococcus litoralis 4-α-glucanotransferase (GTase) belongs to family 57 of glycosyl hydro-lases and catalyzes the disproportionation and cycloamylose synthesis reactions. Using 3-ketobutylidene-β-2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl-maltopentaoside (3 KBG 5 CNP) as a donor and glucose as an acceptor, we showed that the disproportionation reaction of 4-α-glucanotransferase involves a Ping-Pong Bi Bi mechanism. Based on this reaction mechanism, we trapped the glycosyl-enzyme intermediate by treating the enzyme with 3 KBG 5 CNP in the absence of an acceptor. MALDITOFMS and PSD analysis of a peptic digest of the intermediate and great decrease in activity of the E 123 Q mutant enzyme indicated that completely conserved Glu 123 was the catalytic amino acid. Next, we have determined the structure of GTase, the first structure of the family 57 of glycosyl hydrolases, at 2.8 Å resolution. The structure of GTase is composed of three domains. N-terminal domain (domain A) contains two catalytic residues and has a novel pseudo-TIM barrel fold. C-terminal domain (domain C) is mainly made of β-strands arranged in two layered β-sheet sandwich. Domain B is located between domains A and C, and consists of α- and 310-helices. Active site cleft lies between domains A and B. The cleft is partially covered with aromatic residues to form a tunnel-like shape, which probably plays an important role in the formation of large cyclic glucans.

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