2015 年 27 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 193-200
Negative emotions, such as “sadness,” “anxiety,” and “disgust”, as well as coping skills for negative emotions, and the positive emotion of “happiness,” were assessed in pediatric patients admitted to A Hospital between July 2013 and December 2013. Participants were 11 children aged 7 to 15 years (8 boys and 3 girls, mean age±SD=9.13±1.98 years). Children were inquired details about their emotions and coping skills. We performed qualitative content analysis of their responses and calculated the frequency of extracted categories. Results indicated that sadness consisted of four categories, including family, examination, and treatment; and 10 coping skills were extracted for Sadness. Anxiety consisted of five categories, including examination, treatment and night; and 18 coping skills were extracted for Anxiety. Disgust consisted five categories, including examination, treatment and admission; and 17 coping skills were extracted for Disgust. These results identified the variety of emotional content of negative emotions. Happiness consisted of five categories, including other patients and spend time freely, which were used as coping skills for negative emotions.