2016 年 28 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 135-141
Importance of smoking cessation for preventing lifestyle-related diseases was focused and studies on exercise intervention programs for facilitating smoking cessation are reviewed. In Japan, traditional programs for facilitating smoking cessation for preventing lifestyle-related diseases have been developed and conducted in hospitals, schools, and companies, and have targeted patients with lifestyle-related diseases. However, to date, there are only a few programs designed to provide support from the perspective of preventing smoking and lifestyle-related diseases, or case studies demonstrating the efficacy of such programs in Japan. It is suggested that exercise and physical activity are important for preventing lifestyle-related diseases and for smoking cessation. Exercise intervention programs for smoking cessation have been conducted in Europe and the United States, whereas to date, support for smoking cessation combined with exercise, is not a well-known practice in Japan. There is also a need to develop exercise intervention programs that are feasible in daily life, and to conduct more studies on the effects of exercise interventions on various symptoms, such as withdrawal, craving, and urge experienced during smoking cessation. It is expected that programs aimed at preventing lifestyle-related diseases and smoking relapse would be practically used in the future.