The purposes of this study were to develop the School Stress Scale for children, to validate it, and to analyse the influence of children's psychological stress in elementary school from the viewpoint of learning motivation.
In study I, 284 sixth grade's children in elementary school were asked to list up school stressors in order to collect items of the School Stress Scale for children. The School Stress Scale for children, consisted of five factors, 28 items for boys and four factors, 30 items for girls, was developed after psychometric analyses for standardization and validation. In study II, the relationship among psychological stress, the tolerance to school stress, and the learning metivation was analysed through multivariate analysis and the School Stress Model was proposed as a result of a path analysis among three factors mentioned above. In study III , the validity of the School Stress Model was investigated by teacher's rating of school stress and learning motivation of children.
The results of three studies suggested that the increase of children's school stress caused the decrease of learning motivation and that the tolerance to school stress was the important intervening variable between school stress and the learning motivation. It was also suggested that the School Stress Model had high validity to explain the relationship among school stressors, school stress, the tolerance to school stress, and the learning motivation of children.