Journal of Human Security Studies
Online ISSN : 2432-1427
Enforcement of Nationality and Human Insecurity: A Case Study on the Securitised Japanese Nationality of Koreans during the Colonial Era
JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

2020 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 79-94

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Abstract

Although the securitisation of nationality received scholarly attention after 9/11, and deprivations of nationality began to be researched, the enforcement of nationality has not been discussed much. Since nationality can be a means to control a population, and the purpose of such control can be to ensure security, enforcement of nationality can be regarded as securitisation of nationality. At the same time, securitisation of nationality can threaten human security because it allows the state to control individuals. This article examines the enforcement of Japanese nationality over Koreans during Japan's colonial era from 1910 to the end of World War II. Nationality was securitised and enforced over Koreans, and they were not allowed to renounce their Japanese nationality. An examination of this case offers insight into the features of securitisation in relation to colonialism and nationality. First, nationality can be enforced as a result of securitisation of nationality. Second, nationality can be a means to control individuals. As a result, while the enforcement of nationality could be necessary for national security, it can threaten human security. Third, colonialism justified the prohibition of the renunciation of the Koreans’ Japanese nationality, while the Japanese were allowed to renounce their nationality. Keywords: Securitisation, Nationality, Human Security, Colonialism, Japan

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