Separation of europium (Eu3+) and yttrium (Y3+), using a solvent impregnated resin (SIR) containing 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester, coated by water-soluble chitosan crosslinked by glutaraldehyde, was investigated. Coating of the SIR successfully suppressed leakage of the extractant during adsorption processing. Adsorption of Eu3+ with both coated and uncoated SIRs was progressed with Langmuir mechanism, and the maximum adsorption amount of Eu3+ at equilibrium pH = 2.27 was 0.294 mol/kg with coated SIR and 0.310 mol/kg with uncoated SIR. Decrease in the maximum adsorption amount by coating SIR with polymer can be suppressed rather than the other coated SIRs previously reported. The coated SIR was then applied to column separation of Eu3+ and Y3+. Complete separation of the metals could be achieved by gradient elution with a gradual increase in the concentration of a dilute nitric acid. The coated SIR could also be reused for repeated adsorption-elution processing.
2014 Japan Society of Ion Exchange