第四紀研究
Online ISSN : 1881-8129
Print ISSN : 0418-2642
ISSN-L : 0418-2642
長野県諏訪・北踊場石器群
特に石器製作工程の分析を中心として
松沢 亜生
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ジャーナル フリー

1960 年 1 巻 7 号 p. 263-273

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The site is located on a hill standing on the eastern shore of Lake Suwa, at the height of 880 meters above sea level (120 meters above lake surface). Stone artifacts and flakes were abundantly discovered in June, 1949, in the course of some house building construction. The greater part of the materials were collected at that time. Later in October, 1953, a test excavation was carried out, since it was supposed by Mr. Chosuke Serizawa that they might belong to the Pre-ceramic stage of culture. By the stratigraphical examination, it was confrmed that the stone tools were contained in the loam layer, while the ceramic fragments of Early Jomon Period were found in the upper humus layer. Thus the stone artifacts and flakes of Kita-odoriba found in 1949 were evidently attributed to the Pre-cramic Culture.
Most of the stone tools are shaped in laurel leaf or willow leaf point, with the exception of a handful of side- and end-scrapers, drills and utilized flakes. A presumable graver was found together (Fig. 3-11). They are mostly made of obsidian, but scarecely of slate.
These specimens are particularly convenient for the analysis of tool making process. The materials for points can be devided into three types. Type 1 is a nodule itself, from which a pointed tool is directly trimmed. Type 2 is a flake removed from the nodule. In this case, a flake is retouched into a point. Type 3 is a peculiar flake“d”(Fig. 4. 5), which is produced in the course of tool making from the materials of Type 1 and 2. This applies correspondently to the other tools than points. Some artifacts, however, are so perfectly retouched as to retain no trace of the original form, and these are treated separately. Tools of Type 1-3 are analysed in view of manufacturing process.
The points of this site are mostly bifaced or semi-bifaced. They are generally small (approximately 5cm. in length) with the exception of two large ones (12-15cm.)
Point industries, which are generally characterized by small and abundant points, have been found so far in the Central Region, at Ueno-daira, Yashima, Babadaira, Koyashiki, etc., and in the Kanto Region, at Mitsuya, Motojuku, Takei, etc. These industries are reasonably dated back to the Upper Pleistocene, but many important questions are still open. For their relations with some of the knife industries, as well as the problem of their chronological subdivision are not yet clear. In near future, the author intends to clalify the reason why the three different types of materials exist in the same industry.

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