1975 年 14 巻 3 号 p. 123-138
Stratigraphical and chronological works studied in some decades in Central and Eastern Europe are reviewed for the introduction of the problems concerning the subdivision of the Last Glacial.
The results based upon the löss stratigraphy, the chronostratigraphy recently established in Denmark and Netherlands and the glacial sequence of the Last Glacial around the Alps are summarized in the first three sections (Fig. 1, 2, 3). The Göttweig Interstadial in its original sense (GROSS, 1958) should be abandoned, for it was defined by many different soil horizons which are now believed to be R/W Interglacial, Amersfoort, Brörup and Paudorf Interstadials.
Not a few contradictions still exist among many researchers, however, the climatic curve obtained in Netherlands (Fig. 5) could be regarded as the standard succession of the Last Glacial in Central Europe. According to that, the Last Glacial of Central Europe is divided into three stadials seperated by interstadials. The Early Glacial includes two or three interstadials which might correspond to the sea level fluctuation recently obtained in Barbados Island (Fig. 4).
It is hopeful that the already abandoned Woldstedt's climatic curve (WOLDSTEDT, 1958) and Gross' subdivision (GROSS, 1958) should be replaced by new references (WOLDSTEDT, 1962, 1967 and HAMMEN et al., 1967, 1971), though the old ones are still cited in Japan.