1985 年 23 巻 4 号 p. 233-244
The purpose of this paper is to report the stratigraphy, age and tectonic movement of the Pliocene-Late Pleistocene deposits on the Makubetsu Plateau in the central region of the Tokachi plain on the basis of the geological relations of these deposits and K-Ar age data of the pyroclastic materials and obsidian pebbles collected from 8 horizons in these deposits.
1. The Tokachi Super Group, Pliocene-Early Pleistocene, distributed in this Plateau, is divided into the Ikeda and the Osarushinai Formations in ascending order. According to the molluscan and foraminiferal fauna, paleomagnetic stratigraphy and K-Ar age data, the age of the Ikeda Formation is correlative to the latest Pliocene, and the Osarushinai Formation to Early Pleistocene. The Osarushinai Formation, composed of clastic and pyroclastic materials, was accumulated in shallow sea and terrestrial basin formed subsequently by the westerly shifting of the center of the Ikeda depositional basin.
2. The Makubetsu Plateau was transformed into an upheaving area after the deposition of Osarushinai Formation, while the Obihiro Basin remained as a relatively subsiding area. Along the western margin of the Makubetsu Plateau runs an active tectonic line called Oribe Fault.
3. It is noticeable that the thick fanglomeratic deposits, the Kochien Gravel Bed, prevail throughout this Plateau. The lithofacies of this Gravel Bed suggest that the western hinterland, Hidaka Belt, was eroded away vigorousely in Middle Pleistocene. Some younger gravels and pyroclastic deposits cover the dissected Kochien Gravel Bed. Those younger gravel deposits are fan-surface deposits formed by erosion and resedimentation of the older thick gravel bed.
4. The areal changes in the altitudes of both the upper surface and the basal level of the Kochien Gravel Bed in and around this area have been critically analyzed to detect the Late Pliocene to Holocene tectonic movements which displaced and deformed this gravel bed. It has been disclosed as a result of this study that the activity of the Oribe Fault has a right-lateral strike-slip component and shows a vertical component decreasing gradually since Early Pleistocene. Moreover, it is worth notice that the Oribe active fault appears to have originated along the boundary between the Hidaka and Tokoro belts.