2008 年 23 巻 4 号 p. 257-262
Events following Sept. 11, 2001-particularly the anthrax mail scares-heightened awareness of the threat of bioterrorism. Immediately after 9 · 11 coordinated-terrorist-attacks events, the President of the United States established by executive order the Office of Homeland Security, which is mandated “to develop and coordinate the implementation of a comprehensive national strategy to secure the United States from terrorist threats or attacks ”. At the same time, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) started the Immune Building project. Various bioterrorism prevention technologies have been devised by the Immunity Building project. In the first half of this paper, the present status of the countermeasures against bioterrorism on “protecting building environments from airborne biological attacks ” are reviewed. In the second half, the authors' research findings, the real time detection of airborne microbes, the experimental results of the disinfection to the air-conditioning systems using ozone, etc., are introduced.