2018 年 25 巻 p. 184-194
This paper uses the“Policy Window”model to argue the reason why the Japanese university entrance exam is being reformed at this time. This study has academic and social significance. New information is gained by analysis of policy formation process of the Japanese university entrance exam which has been undeveloped till now, and it gives us beneficial information to properly form the Japanese university entrance exam policy. Through this study, it becomes clear that there are three streams in the current reformation: problem, policy, and politics. The problem stream describes the recognition of an improvement in college preparedness through cooperation between high schools and universities. The policy stream describes making minute policies to solve this problem. The politics stream describes having a stable government to drive concrete reforms. Joining these streams opens policy window so that reformation can be carried out. On the basis of this result, it can be said that the reformation of the Japanese university entrance exam needs not only initiative taken by politicians but also the appropriate recognition of problems and making minute policies and a joining of these streams.