2012 Volume 19 Issue 4 Pages 337-348
Aim: In this study, we investigated the effect of (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on cyclic nucleotide production and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation in collagen (10 µg/mL)-stimulated platelet aggregation.
Methods: Washed platelets (108/mL) from Sprague-Dawley rats (6-7 weeks old, male) were preincubated for 3 min at 37°C in the presence of 2 mM exogenous CaCl2 with or without EGCG or other materials, stimulated with collagen (10 µg/mL) for 5 min, and then used for the determination of intracellular cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), thromboxane A2 (TXA2), adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), and VASP phosphorylation.
Results: EGCG dose-dependently inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation by inhibiting both [Ca2+]i mobilization and TXA2 production. Of two aggregation-inhibiting molecules, cAMP and cGMP, EGCG significantly increased intracellular levels of cAMP, but not cGMP. EGCG-elevated cAMP level was decreased by SQ22536, an adenylate cyclase inhibitor, but not by etazolate, a cAMPspecific phosphodiesterase inhibitor. In addition, EGCG elevated the phosphorylation of VASP-Ser157, a cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) substrate, but not the phosphorylation of VASP-Ser239, a cGMP-dependent protein kinase substrate, in intact platelets and collagen-induced platelets, and VASP-Ser157 phosphorylation by EGCG was inhibited by both an adenylate cyclase inhibitor SQ22536 and an A-kinase inhibitor Rp-8-Br-cAMPS. We have demonstrated that EGCG increases cAMP via adenylate cyclase activation and subsequently phosphorylates VASP-Ser157 through A-kinase activation to inhibit [Ca2+]i mobilization and TXA2 production on collagen-induced platelet aggregation.
Conclusions: These results strongly indicate that EGCG is a beneficial compound elevating cAMP level in collagen-platelet interaction, which may result in the prevention of platelet aggregation-mediated thrombotic diseases.