2016 年 23 巻 10 号 p. 1227-1241
Aims: Phospholipase A2 receptor 1 (PLA2R) has multiple biological functions other than functioning as a receptor for secretory PLA2s. Two nonsynonymous polymorphisms in the C-type lectin-like domains (CTLD) 1 of PLA2R gene have been associated with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. This study examined whether the same PLA2R polymorphisms may alter functions of PLA2R in cells expressing the variant PLA2R. In addition, the clinical relevance of the experiment was examined.
Methods: Two nonsynonymous polymorphisms (T/C at rs3749117 and G/C at rs35771982) in CTLD1 of PLA2R gene were completely linked. HEK293 cells expressing human wild-type PLA2R (T at rs3749117 and G at rs35771982) or human mutant PLA2R that had double mutations (C at rs3749117 and C at rs35771982) were constructed.
Results: HEK293 cells expressing mutant PLA2R had lower migratory and proliferative responses to collagen I compared with cells expressing wild-type PLA2R. In 580 male patients, PLA2R gene polymorphisms were associated with an increase in maximum intima-media thickness (maxIMT) of the carotid artery. The multivariate regression model showed that PLA2R gene polymorphisms were a risk factor of an increased maxIMT that was independent of conventional risk factors (OR=1.93, 95% CI: 1.17–3.19, p＜0.01).
Conclusions: The nonsynonymous common variants of PLA2R gene altered biological functions in cells expressing variant PLA2R. PLA2R gene polymorphisms present a genetic risk of an increased IMT of the carotid artery in male. The functional changes in the variant PLA2R may potentially be responsible for its association with an increased IMT of the carotid artery.