2017 年 24 巻 10 号 p. 1058-1068
Aims: Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP)-5b and osteoprotegerin (OPG) are specific and sensitive markers of bone resorption in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The TRACP-5b level is associated with the severity of RA and CKD, while the OPG level is associated with the severity of coronary atherosclerosis and calcification, and can predict a poor outcome in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the impact of TRACP-5b on coronary atherosclerosis in CAD patients remains unclear.
Methods: A total of 71 CAD patients (57 men, 14 women; mean age: 69.0±9.7 years) and 28 age- and gender- matched healthy subjects were investigated. The number of diseased vessels (a marker of the severity of coronary atherosclerosis) and the Gensini score (a marker of the extent of coronary atherosclerosis), as well as the OPG and TRACP-5b levels were measured in CAD patients. The TRACP-5b levels were classified into quartiles.
Results: The TRACP-5b levels were significantly higher in CAD patients than in healthy subjects. Patients with higher TRACP-5b levels had higher OPG levels and Gensini scores than those with lower TRACP-5b levels. Higher TRACP-5b levels were associated with an increased number of diseased vessels. A multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the OPG level and the number of diseased vessels or the Gensini score were significantly and independently associated with the TRACP-5b level.
Conclusions: These data indicate that the TRACP-5b level is significantly associated with the OPG level and with the severity and extent of coronary atherosclerosis in CAD patients.