2022 Volume 29 Issue 6 Pages 850-865
Aims: In this study, we integrated two randomized control trials, PROSPECTIVE and IMPACT, to address the effect of probucol on cerebrocardiovascular events and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in Japanese, Korean, and Chinese patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
Methods: A total of 1,025 patients from the PROSPECTIVE and IMPACT studies were enrolled. The time to the first major adverse cerebrocardiovascular event, in addition to carotid IMT and lipid levels, was compared between the control and probucol groups.
Results: In the integrated analysis, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 0.67 and 0.44–1.03, respectively, indicating a tendency to show the effect of probucol on cerebrocardiovascular events in secondary prevention. We also found no significant differences between the control and probucol groups in the mean IMT of the carotid arteries and its changes. However, we found a significant decrease in cerebrocardiovascular events in patients with reduced levels of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) (≥ 6.25 mg/dL) compared with those with levels ＜6.25 mg/dL (p=0.024), without any increase in adverse events such as severe ventricular arrhythmias.
Conclusion: We demonstrated a marginal effect of probucol on cerebrocardiovascular events in Asian patients with CAD, with reasonable safety profiles. A larger study may be needed to support the effect of probucol for cardiovascular prevention.